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Project Collaboration - Best Practices

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Section I-10
Integrated Project Delivery System

Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) is a project delivery system which teams the Owner, Design Professional and Constructor throughout the life of the project. It is similar to a number of other delivery systems previously described in this resource in which the Owner selects the Design Professional and Constructor at the inception of the project, based on qualifications.

IPD is a project delivery method that integrates people, systems, business structures and practices into a process that collaboratively harnesses the talents and insights of all participants to optimize project results, increase value to the Owner, reduce waste, and maximize efficiency through all phases of design, fabrication, and construction.

There are eight main sequential phases to the Integrated Project Delivery method:

  • Conceptualization phase [Expanded Programming]
  • Criteria design phase [Expanded Schematic Design]
  • Detailed Design phase [Expanded Design Development]
  • Implementation Documents phase [Construction Documents]
  • Agency Review phase
  • Buyout phase
  • Construction phase
  • Closeout phase

IPD is similar to the Toyota Productions System, which was an outgrowth of the work of W. Edwards Deming and the writings of Henry Ford. Emphasis is placed on collaboration between all parties of the design team and approaches promoted by the Lean Construction Institute, such as the two-week look-ahead schedule and Last Planner System collaborative schedule / programming tool.

Today, design and construction teams are joining forces across the country to utilize the IPD system created and trademarked by the Orlando, FL-based Integrated Project Delivery Inc. As organizations, such as AIA, have endorsed the IPD system, projects of all sizes are seeing the benefits of Integrated Project Delivery Inc.'s foundation. IPD combines ideas from Integrated Practice and Lean Construction to solve several problems in contemporary construction such as low productivity and waste, time overruns, quality issues, and conflicts during construction among the key stakeholders of owner, architect and contractor. The growing use of Building Information Modeling in the construction industry is allowing far greater information collaboration between project participants using IPD and considered an important tool to increasing productivity throughout the construction process.

Advantages of the IDP System

  • By the project team working as one unit, the Owner is better served and the project is completed faster, cheaper and without the typical stress of a construction project.
  • IPD seeks to align interests, objectives and practices, even in a single business, through a team-based approach. The team primary Team Members would include the Architect, key technical consultants, the General Contractor, and key Subcontractors.
  • The IPD system is a process where all disciplines in a construction project work as one firm, creating faster delivery times, lower costs, no litigation and a more enjoyable process for the entire team - including the Owner.

    Glossary Terms for the Best Practices Guide

    History of Recommendation:
    Approved July, 2010

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